學術資源整合系統-相關推薦

 
作者Lau, Tak-Cheung;Lu, Chih-Yu
出版日期2020
已接受20200918
著作名稱Using Case Study Approach to Teach Argumentation in Natural History Museum
專書名稱Museum as Cultural Hubs: The Future of Tradition —ICOM Kyoto 2019, Selected Papers from Taiwan
主編中華民國博物館學會
出版者中華民國博物館學會
出版地臺灣臺北
主題科學教育;博物館學
關鍵字Science literacy, Case study, Science education, STEM education, Informal science education
摘要Most science learning in schools have long been criticized for being passive and fragmented, with students leaving schools without knowing much of the nature of science. On the other hand, natural history museums possess rich and diverse collections of the natural world, could play a more active role in helping schools to alleviate this situation. In this report, we documented the development and execution of a lesson plan based on the evolution of human bipedalism as a case study in our museum to promote the scientific literacy skill of argumentation for high school teachers, and hopefully they will adopt this lesson plan in their teaching.

The lesson plan began with the introduction of two competing ideas of the evolution of bipedalism, namely locomotion-first route and brain-first route. The lesson then provided teachers with casts of the skulls and pelvis of chimpanzee, Australopithecus afarensis and modern human. In order to assess the two competing ideas, teachers proceeded to measure the position of the foramen magnum, size and shape of the three pelvis and brain volume by filling the brain cavities with small seeds. Finally, teachers used these measurements as evidence and related to the evolutionary timeline of these species and concluded that at 3.6 million years ago, early hominids have already developed features for walking on two legs, while the brain volume was not much larger than the chimpanzee.

At the end of the session, we conducted a survey to evaluate teachers’ perception of importance and teaching feasibility or adaptability of this lesson plan in the school setting. The responses of the teachers are very positive and encouraging. Finally, the advantages of using a scientific case study in teaching science are discussed.
系統號NO000005943

Aug 16 2018 10:46:44
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