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作者Gu, S. H.;Lin, J. L.;Lin, P.L.;Chen, J. H.
出版日期2009
著作名稱Insulin stimulates ecdysteroidogenesis by prothoracic glands in the silkworm, Bombyx mori.
刊名Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
39
3
頁數171-179
被收錄索引SCI
關鍵字PTTH; ERK signaling; Bombyx mori
摘要It is generally accepted that the prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) is the stimulator of ecdysteroidogenesis by prothoracic glands in larval insects. In the present study, we investigated activation of ecdysteroidogenesis by bovine insulin in prothoracic glands of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. The results showed that the insulin stimulated ecdysteroidogenesis during a long-term incubation period and in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, insulin also stimulated both DNA synthesis and viability of prothoracic glands. Insulin-stimulated ecdysteroidogenesis was blocked by either LY294002 or wortmannin, indicating involvement of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway. Activation of ecdysteroidogenesis by insulin appeared to be developmentally regulated. Moreover, in vitro activation of ecdysteroidogenesis of prothoracic glands by insulin was also verified by in vivo experiments: injection of insulin into day 6 last instar larvae greatly increased both hemolymph ecdysteroid levels and ecdysteroidogenesis 24 h after the injection, indicating its possible in vivo function. Phosphorylation of Akt and the insulin receptor was stimulated by insulin, and stimulation of Akt phosphorylation appeared to be PI3K-dependent and developmentally regulated. Insulin did not stimulate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling of the prothoracic glands. These results suggest that in silkworm prothoracic glands, in addition to the PTTH and an autocrine factor, ecdysteroidogenesis is also stimulated by insulin during development.
DOI10.1016/j.ibmb.2008.10.012
系統號NO000002815

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