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作者Gu SH;Chen CH;Lin PL
出版日期2021/4
著作名稱Expression of protein tyrosine phosphatases and Bombyx embryonic development
刊名J. Insect Physiol.
130
頁數104198
被收錄索引SCI
主題動物
關鍵字 Bombyx mori; Diapause; Embryonic development; PTEN; PTP enzymatic activity; PTP1B; SHP2; Tyrosine phosphatases.
摘要Protein phosphorylation is an integral component of signal transduction pathways within eukaryotic cells, and it is regulated by coordinated interactions between protein kinases and protein phosphatases. Our previous study demonstrated differential expressions of serine/threonine protein phosphatases (PP2A and calcineurin) between diapause and developing eggs in Bombyx mori. In the present study, we further investigated expression of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) in relation to the Bombyx embryonic development. An immunoblot analysis showed that eggs contained the proteins of the 51-kDa PTP 1B (PTP1B), the 55-kDa phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), and the 70-kDa Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2), which undergo differential changes between diapause and developing eggs. Protein level of PTP1B and PTEN in eggs whose diapause initiation was prevented by HCl gradually increased toward embryonic development. The protein level of SHP2 also showed a dramatic increase on days 7 and 8 after HCl treatment. However, protein levels of PTP1B, PTEN, and SHP2 in diapause eggs remained at low levels during the first 9 days after oviposition. These differential changing patterns in protein levels were further confirmed using both non-diapause eggs and eggs in which diapause had been terminated by chilling of diapausing eggs at 5 °C for 70 days and then were transferred to 25 °C. Direct determination of PTP enzymatic activities showed higher activities in developing eggs (HCl-treated eggs, non-diapause eggs, and chilled eggs) compared to those in diapause eggs. Examination of temporal changes in mRNA expression levels of PTP1B, PTEN, and SHP2 did not show significant differences between diapause eggs and HCl-treated eggs except high expression in SHP2 variant B during the later embryonic development in HCl-treated eggs. These results demonstrate that higher protein levels of PTP1B, PTEN, and SHP2 and increased tyrosine phosphatase enzymatic activities in developing eggs are likely related to embryonic development of B. mori.
系統號NO000006184

Aug 20 2021 11:12:17
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