學術資源整合系統-相關推薦

 
作者Chiang, Cheng-Shing;Chen, I-Min;Chung, Ling-Ho;Lee, Chia-Hsin;Lee, Xin-He
出版日期202001
著作名稱Taiwan's 921 Earthquake - Difficulties and Challenges Faced by the National Museum of Natural Science
會議名稱2020 International Forum on Telling Live Lessons from Disasters
會議地點Japan
國際性會議N
摘要At 1:47 am on September 21, 1999, central Taiwan experienced an intense earthquake of 7.3 on the Richter scale. It was the strongest earthquake to strike Taiwan in a century. As the epicenter was close to Chichi Town in Nantou County, it was named the Chi-chi Earthquake. It resulted in 2,415 dead and more than 11,000 injured, as well as financial losses of approximately NT$300 billion. Following this, the National Museum of Natural Science (NMNS) established two earthquake-related museums: the 921 Earthquake Museum in Wufeng District of Taichung City and the Chelungpu Fault Preservation Park in Zhushan Township of Nantou County.
The 921 Earthquake Post-Disaster Recovery Commission of the Executive Yuan and local governments invited relevant scholars and experts to survey the disaster areas. From their findings, the campus of the Guangfu Junior High School in Wufeng District of Taichung City possessed the conditions for developing an international-class museum including fault displacement, collapsed buildings, and raised riverbed. Thus, this campus was chosen to create an earthquake museum with the purposes of preserving this site and remembering this disaster, recording the history of earthquakes and providing a venue for earthquake-related education. On September 21, 2004, this museum officially opened. Since then, we have carried out science education activities such as development of lesson plans and teaching aids and organization of events to disseminate information about earthquakes. In 2017, the National Fire Agency of the Ministry of the Interior reported that this venue had been certified as a Mission Readiness Test (MRT) site by the International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG). In early 2018, this museum began working with the Fire Bureau of Taichung City Government to carry out rescue dog training in collapsed classrooms in the northern section of the campus. This museum hopes to continue working with fire and rescue units to enable visitors to gain a better understanding of the importance of disaster preparedness and relief measures.
NMNS also established the Chelongpu Fault Preservation Park, which preserves a precious cross-section of fault rupture discovered by scientists during their research on recent earthquakes. From 2002, more than 10 years of effort were required to excavate, backfill, and re-excavate this section of fault, as well as shore up collapsed areas. Finally, this park began formal operations on May 1, 2013. The latest projection mapping technology is used for exhibitions to provide the public with an understanding of faults and earthquakes.
Before the opening of the 921 Earthquake Museum, many nearby residents opposed preserving this site due to its association with a sad and tragic event. The government brought these residents to a similar museum in Japan, which helped them to understand its importance. Therefore, this site was able to be preserved and museum buildings constructed. To date, both sites have encountered many difficulties that have needed to be overcome. These have included decreases in funding and aging of facilities with increases in maintenance expenditures. In addition, both sites feature troughs, comprised of soft soil and strata, which can easily collapse, especially during typhoons or heavy rains. Therefore, constant monitoring is needed.
系統號NO000005890

Aug 16 2018 10:46:44
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