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作者Gu, S.H.;Chen, C.H.;Hsieh, Y.C.;Lin, P.L.;Young, S.C.
出版日期2015
著作名稱Modulatory effects of bombyxin on ecdysteroidogenesis in Bombyx mori prothoracic glands
刊名Journal of Insect Physiology
72
頁數61-69
被收錄索引SCI
關鍵字Bombyx mori; Bombyxin; Ecdysone; Insulin; Prothoracic glands; Signal transduction
摘要In the present study, we investigated the modulatory effects of ecdysteroidogenesis of prothoracic glands (PGs) by bombyxin, an endogenous insulin-like peptide in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. The results showed that bombyxin stimulated ecdysteroidogenesis during a long-term incubation period and in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the injection of bombyxin into day 4-last instar larvae increased ecdysteroidogenesis 24h after the injection, indicating its possible in vivo function. Phosphorylation of the insulin receptor and Akt, and the target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling were stimulated by bombyxin, and stimulation of Akt phosphorylation and TOR signaling appeared to be dependent on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Bombyxin inhibited the phosphorylation of adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and the inhibition appeared to be PI3K-independent. Bombyxin-stimulated ecdysteroidogenesis was blocked by either an inhibitor of PI3K (LY294002) or a chemical activator of AMPK (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside, AICAR), indicating involvement of the PI3K/Akt and AMPK signaling pathway. Bombyxin did not stimulate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling of PGs. Bombyxin, but not prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) stimulated cell viability of PGs. In addition, bombyxin treatment also affected mRNA expression levels of insulin receptor, Akt, AMPKα, -β, and -γ in time-dependent manners. These results suggest that bombyxin modulates ecdysteroidogenesis in B. mori PGs during development.
DOI10.1016/j.jinsphys.2014.11.007
系統號NO000004102

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